The Passive Form Active form La ragazza ha mangiato la mela. Subject – verb – object Passive form La mela è stata mangiata dalla ragazza. Subject – verb – object The passive is formed with the verb “essere” followed by the past participle of the main verb. Only transitive verbs, which are followed by the object, can have a passive form as well […]
Italian Adverbs Adverbs are used to modify or specify the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb. According to their structure, adverbs are: 1) primitives: origin + ending eg. bene, male, veloce, lento, grasso, magro, alto, basso, etc. 2) derivatives: origin + suffix “mente„ eg. velocemente, lentamente, altamente, etc. 3) compounds: they are the result of the union of different words […]
Possessive adjectives and pronouns Possessive adjectives and pronouns take the same form in Italian. MASCULINE FEMININE Singular Plural Singular Plural mio miei mia mie tuo tuoi tua tue suo suoi sua sue nostro nostri nostra nostre vostro vostri vostra vostre loro loro loro loro Possessive adjectives and pronouns are usually preceded by definite articles (except with names of family relatives) and […]
Comparatives and Superlatives Comparative We have majority, minority and equality comparatives in Italian. Majority comparative Construction 1st comparison + verb + più + adjective/noun/verb/adverb + di/che + 2nd comparison. eg. Paola + è + più + veloce + di + me. Maria + è + più alta + di + Sofia. * “di” is used with numbers or to compare different nouns or […]
Plurals in the Italian Language NOUNS SINGULAR PLURAL MASCULINE A Il poeta I I poeti E Il cane I I cani O Il telefono I I telefoni FEMININE A La porta E Le porte E La chiave I Le chiavi I La sintesi I Le sintesi O La mano I Le mani INVARIABILE Tà La libertà Tà […]
In Italian we have Simple prepositions (the mostly used ones such as “di”, “a”, “da”, “in”, “con”, “su”, “per”, “tra”, “fra”…) and Articulated prepositions, which are the result of the union between determinative articles and simple prepositions.
In Italian we have definite articles and indefinite articles. Indefinite articles are used before not defined nouns and they agree in gender and number with the nouns they precede. Definite articles are used with specific people or things and always go before the noun and agree with it.